Sunday, June 23, 2024
Environmental Management

Treatment/Transformation of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)

The following are the major transformation/treatment of municipal solid waste;

1. Physical Transformation

In physical transformation, no change in physical state is involved. These include: Component separation, mechanical volume reduction and mechanical size reduction.

a) Component separation: – term used to describe the process of separation by manual and /or mechanical means. It is necessary operation in the recovery of reusable and recyclable for MSW.

Read Also : Types of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)

b) Mechanical volume reduction: – is the term used to describe the process whereby an initial volume of waste is reduced using force or pressure. It is also known as densification.

c) Mechanical size reduction: – is the term used to describe the process whereby size of the waste is reduced. It does not necessarily reduce the volume of the waste. Examples are shredding, grinding and milling.

Treatment/Transformation of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)

2. Chemical Transformation

These transformations that involve change of phase (e.g. solid to liquid or solid to gas) in reducing the volume and/or recovering products. The principal processes in chemical transformation include:

  1. Combustion/chemical oxidations
  2. Pyrolysis
  3. Gasification

3. Biological Transformation

This is transformation that involves the use of microorganisms in converting waste to useful materials such as compost and to produce methane. Principal organisms involve in the transformation are bacteria, fungus, yeast and actinomycetes. Two processes are involved during biological transformation:

  1. Aerobic composting
  2. Anaerobic digestion

In conclusion, municipal solid wastes are non-hazardous materials produced by households, commercial and institutional activities that include paper, vegetable matter, plastics, metals, textiles, rubber and glass.

Read Also : Characteristics of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)

Municipal solid wastes changes with society and time as developments brings about changes in the waste created by communities. More complicated wastes are usually introduced into the community like heavy metals, plastic and hazardous substances.

However, with technology available, various techniques can be used to combat the different types of municipal solid wastes produced in order to protect the environment from pollution.


Benadine Nonye is an agricultural consultant and a writer with over 12 years of professional experience in the agriculture industry. - National Diploma in Agricultural Technology - Bachelor's Degree in Agricultural Science - Master's Degree in Science Education - PhD Student in Agricultural Economics and Environmental Policy... Visit My Websites On: 1. - Your Comprehensive Practical Agricultural Knowledge and Farmer’s Guide Website! 2. - For Effective Environmental Management through Proper Waste Management and Recycling Practices! Join Me On: Twitter: @benadinenonye - Instagram: benadinenonye - LinkedIn: benadinenonye - YouTube: Agric4Profits TV and WealthInWastes TV - Pinterest: BenadineNonye4u - Facebook: BenadineNonye

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