Strategies for Carrying out Waste Recycling

Before developing a strategy for implementing 3R practices, municipal authorities must answer the following questions:

Who are the recyclers?

What are the advantages of recycling solid waste?

What is being recycled?

What is not being recycled and why?

What are the main challenges?

What steps are necessary to improve the recycling and resource recovery of materials?

Read Also : Advantages of Proper Waste Recycling and Waste Reuse

Ideally, the 3R (reduce, reuse and recycle) concept will be applied as early as possible in the waste generation and management chain so that managers of waste can:

Maintain the high material quality and value of recyclable waste materials

Reduce the loss of valuable natural resources and virgin raw materials

Limit pollution of land

Reduce long-distance transport of waste

Reduce landfill space requirements and environmental pollution

Minimize the costs of both production of goods and management of waste.

Recycling Materials

Almost every material can be recycled; however, the value of the recycled material can vary significantly depending on the demand and uses for it.

Indeed the value of a material is the driving factor for private recycling initiatives or—in the case of many developing countries—the informal sector.

Strategies for Carrying out Waste Recycling

If and how a material is recycled depends not only on local policies but also on the availability of a buyer, processing facilities, and a transport chain.

Most of the garbage generated in the household can be recycled and reused. Organic kitchen waste such as leftover foodstuff, vegetable peels, and spoilt or dried fruits and vegetables can be recycled by putting them in the compost pits that have been dug in the garden.

Read Also : Meaning and Steps Involved in Waste Recycling

Table: Recyclable Household Wastes

Old newspapers, magazines and bottles can be sold to the waste vendor the man who buys these items from homes. In your own homes you can contribute to waste reduction and the recycling and reuse of certain items. Table below shows some household wastes that can be recycled or reused.

S/NoWaste ItemExamples


Old copies, Old books Paper bags, Newspapers Old greeting cards Cardboard box


Containers, Bottles Bags, Sheets


Glass and Ceramics
Bottles, Plates Cups,Bowls


Old cans,Utensils Clothes,Furniture

Fig: Waste Recycling

The table below gives an overview of typical recycling materials and their potential treatment options.

Table: Important Recycling Materials: Advantages and Drawbacks

AluminumAluminum has high market value It can be easily recycled by shredding and melting It can be recycled indefinitely because it does not deteriorate from reprocessing Aluminum recycling requires significantly less energy than producing aluminum from ore.Separate collection is important Recycling is suitable only if a processing plant is available.
BatteriesRecycling recovers valuable metals Recycling protects the environment from heavy metals such as lead, cadmium, and mercury.Large variation in type and size of batteries requires specific recycling processes. Older batteries have high heavy metal content.
Concrete and demolition wasteDemolition waste can be crushed to gravel and be reused in road construction and landscapingMachinery required for Crushing is maintenance intensive. Recycled waste is valuable only if there is a lack of other construction material.
GlassGlass has a moderate market value It can be sorted into colours and melted Use of recycled glass savesBroken glass can contaminate and eliminate opportunities for recycling.

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Benadine Nonye

An Agric. Consultant & a Writer (With over 12 years of professional experience in the agricultural industry) - National Diploma in Agricultural Technology - Bachelor's Degree in Agricultural Science - Master's Degree in Science Education... Visit My Websites On: - It's All About Agriculture, The Way Forward! - The Most Reliable Global Agricultural Forum! - The Most Reliable Agricultural Job Board! - For Everything Premium Agriculture! - For Proper Waste Management and Recycling Practices. Join Me On: Twitter: @benadinenonye - Instagram: benadinenonye - LinkedIn: benadinenonye - YouTube: Agric4ProfitsTV - Pinterest: BenadineNonye4u - Facebook: BenadineNonye

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