Elements of Solid Waste Management Processes

A typical waste management system in a low- or middle-income country includes the following elements:

  • Waste generation and storage
  • Segregation, reuse, and recycling at the household level
  • Primary waste collection and transport to a transfer station or community bin
  • Street sweeping and cleansing of public places
  • Management of the transfer station or community bin
  • Secondary collection and transport to the waste disposal site
  • Waste disposal in landfills

Collection, transport, and treatment of recyclables at all points on the solid waste pathway (collection, storage, transport, and disposal).

Waste Storage

Except in systems using the water carriage of refuse, the refuse from households cannot be collected as it is produced. Thus some means of intermediate storage is essential. For domestic refuse, such storage is provided by the dustbin.

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Establishments producing larger quantities of refuse, e.g. blocks of flats with refuse chutes, will use large containers which can be removed complete or which can be emptied into special collecting vehicles.

Elements of Solid Waste Management Processes

The size of the domestic dustbins is most important. It should be large enough to hold all the refuse produced between collections and at the same time, it should be small enough to be hoisted (carried) by one person, possibly with but preferably without the assistance of another in lifting the bin to the shoulder.

Qualities of a Standard Dustbin

The figures below shows various types of waste bins used in modern- day waste storage. In addition to the size considerations noted above, a standard waste bin should have the following qualities or characteristics:

Have a tight fitting cover and should be made of materials resistant to waster

Made of galvanized metal or plastic to resist rusting

Be fitted with two side handles for easy hoisting or lifting

Be easily filled, emptied and cleansed

Be placed always on a concrete slab.

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Benadine Nonye is an agricultural consultant and a writer with over 12 years of professional experience in the agriculture industry. - National Diploma in Agricultural Technology - Bachelor's Degree in Agricultural Science - Master's Degree in Science Education...  Visit My Websites On: 1. Agric4Profits.com - Your Comprehensive Practical Agricultural Knowledge and Farmer’s Guide Website! 2. WealthinWastes.com - For Proper Waste Management and Recycling Practices. 3. Agric4Profit.com - Your Reliable Agriculture and Waste Management Online Community Forum! Join Me On:  Twitter: @benadinenonye - Instagram: benadinenonye - LinkedIn: benadinenonye - YouTube: TheAgriPedia TV - Pinterest: BenadineNonye4u - Facebook: BenadineNonye

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