Effect of Rainfall on Herbicide Transport

Rainfall is necessary for the activation of soil-applied herbicides as the downward flow of water transports herbicides to the root zone.

The placement or position of the herbicide moving along the water flow is dependent on the amount of rainfall, amount of moisture in the soil, soil composition, adsorption of the herbicide by soil, speed of adsorption and desorption, permeability and amount of dispersion (Rao, 2011).

Movement of herbicides after rainfall depends on their relative mobility in soil. The herbicides range between those which move freely (moving with a wetting point) to those which are almost immobile.

The herbicides with lowest adsorption coefficients move into the 5 to 10 cm soil layer, while those with higher adsorption coefficients will remain above 5 to 10 cm depth.

However, herbicides with lower adsorption coefficients move readily into the root zone, in which case herbicide selectivity is based on depth protection. Herbicides with higher adsorption coefficients remain in the surface layer, although these may flow through the large soil pores and cracks to the root zone even with a moderate rainfall (Rao, 2011).

For most soil-applied herbicides, rainfall shortly after application is important for good herbicidal activity. Soil incorporation tends to improve weed control under all climatic conditions for herbicides that are highly volatile and strongly adsorbed by soil or absorbed into plants primarily by roots.

Read Also : Roles of Producers and Corporations in Waste Management

In conclusion, the prediction of the movement and the fate of herbicides in soils constitute an important strategy in limiting their environmental impact.

Effect of Rainfall on Herbicide Transport

The understanding of soil phase characteristics and the mechanisms involved in herbicide transformation can help to understand the fate of herbicide in soil.

The physicochemical properties of herbicides affect their behaviour in soil and regulate their interaction mechanisms with organic and inorganic soil phases.

Adsorption of herbicides by soil particles occurs through a number of mechanisms including hydrophorbic partitioning, hydrogen bonding, cation and water bridgings, protonation, cation exchange, covalent bonding, etc;

Several factors affecting the adsorption of herbicides by soils include: a) type of clay colloid, b) soil organic matter, c) soil pH, d) moisture content, e) chemical nature of the herbicide and f) leaching;

Herbicide transport in soil occurs through diffusion and mass flow transport; and Rainfall is necessary for the activation of soil-applied herbicides.

Do you have any questions, suggestions, or other contributions? Kindly use the comment box provided below for all your contributions. You are also encouraged to please kindly share this article with others you feel can benefit from this information if found useful enough as we may not be able to reach everyone at the same time. Thank you so much for sharing!

Have you visited our Market Place Today? Follow this link to visit Agric4profits.com Market Place now to check out our affordable products & services that might interest you and solve your current needs at a very cheap price.


Benadine Nonye is an agricultural consultant and a writer with over 12 years of professional experience in the agriculture industry. - National Diploma in Agricultural Technology - Bachelor's Degree in Agricultural Science - Master's Degree in Science Education...  Visit My Websites On: 1. Agric4Profits.com - Your Comprehensive Practical Agricultural Knowledge and Farmer’s Guide Website! 2. WealthinWastes.com - For Proper Waste Management and Recycling Practices. 3. Agric4Profit.com - Your Reliable Agriculture and Waste Management Online Community Forum! Join Me On:  Twitter: @benadinenonye - Instagram: benadinenonye - LinkedIn: benadinenonye - YouTube: TheAgriPedia TV - Pinterest: BenadineNonye4u - Facebook: BenadineNonye

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *