In recent times, concern has been based on the best practices that could be adopted to control conflicts for sustainable conservation of natural resources.
The realization by many countries of the world that the way forward in the control of conflicts within conserved areas, should involve the adoption of measures that seek to integrate the indigenous communities into the conservation scheme, is rapidly gaining momentum.
In other words, there is the need to ensure that the bottom-up management approach rather than the top-down is practiced within the conserved area.
The bottom-up management approach will enable the surrounding communities of protected or conserved areas to be actively involved in the management and administration of their regions.
In addition to this, is the need for conserved area managers to put in place measures that can aid the communities to enhance their living standards such as improved educational, and infrastructure facilities.
Alternative development options such skills acquisition training in tailoring, sustainable farming, carpentry and so on, can provide a background for the shift in dependence from the natural environment to other sustainable forms of livelihood.
The utilization of technological innovations provides a sound and appropriate opportunity for the application of multi-media tools in natural resources management and environmental education in order to reduce conflicts within conservational environment.
The adoption of modern information technology particularly multi-media methods that incorporate geographic information systems (GIS), in addition to sophisticated simulation models and accessible network systems will undoubtedly serve as efficient tools for resources management and ultimately development.
The use of remote sensing in environmental monitoring is rapidly gaining consciousness particularly in detecting vegetation changes and degradation. Hence, the emission of early warnings triggered by undesired events can help to resolve complex land management issues.
The use of GIS and remote sensing can be effectively used to gather and compile information regarding land-use activities and patterns among the communities of the areas for conservation in order to aid constant monitoring.
The significance of this for the future of conservation is to provide the needed platform for the participatory involvement and planning of indigenous knowledge and technological innovations for efficient conservation and human development and growth within protected areas for resources conservation.
In conclusion, land-use pressure, multiple use value of natural resources, conflicts of ownership, and human population pressure and consumption have contributed immensely to conflicts in resource conservation.
The management approaches described are the tools used to effectively reduce conflicts in resource conservation.
Natural resource conservation referred to the management, mainly for economic reasons, of such natural resources as timber, fish, game, topsoil, pastureland, and minerals.
In addition it referred to the preservation of forests (forestry), wildlife (wildlife refuge), parkland, wilderness, and watersheds. The factors to conflicts in resource conservation are explained here, such as the land-use pressure, multiple use value of natural resources, conflicts of ownership, and human population pressure and consumption.
Two approaches for management of conflicts in resource conservation were discussed and lastly in this unit are the effective measures to control conflicts in resources conservation.
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