Sunday, May 26, 2024
Waste Management

Concept of Integrated Biomedical Waste Management (IBWM)

What is Integrated Waste Management? Integrated Biomedical waste Management, or IBWM, is a tool to determine the most energy-efficient, least-polluting ways to deal with the various components and items of a community’s solid waste stream.

The IBWM hierarchy is based upon the material and energy that is embodied in solid waste and that is associated with its recycling and disposal.

The Goals of Integrated Biomedical Waste Management

The twin goals of IBWM are to:

  • Retain as much as possible of that energy and those materials in a useful state, and
  • Avoid releasing that energy or matter into the environment as a pollutant.

Hierarchy of Integrated Biomedical Waste Management

Integrated waste management sets up a hierarchy of approaches and technologies for managing solid waste in order to meet these goals.

Read Also: How to Recycle Appliance Wastes (Appliance Recycling)

Generally, the farther “up” the hierarchy from which the technology is chosen, the more benefits in efficiency and retained economic value.

The very highest option in the hierarchy is, don’t create the solid waste in the first place, and is termed source reduction. Source reduction can be done in several ways:

Concept of Integrated Biomedical Waste Management (IBWM)

Manufacturing processes can be devised which create fewer or less toxic waste by-products

Consumers can choose not to purchase products with excessive packaging or

Consumers can choose not to purchase products which are unnecessary “luxuries,” which require unjustifiably large amounts of energy or natural resources to manufacture, or which cause toxic waste problems in manufacture, use, or disposal.

Read Also: How Waste Papers, Metals, Woods, Glasses, and Plastics are Recycled

The other higher level IWM options are (in order):

Reuse – The use of a product more than once in its same form for the same or similar purpose.

Recycling – The process, by which materials otherwise destined for disposal are collected, processed, remanufactured into the same or different product, and purchased as new products.

CompostingThe controlled process whereby organic materials are biologically broken down and converted into a stabilized humus material.

Materials retain their value for longer periods of time if they are handled within these top four‖ levels of the IBWM hierarchy.


Benadine Nonye is an agricultural consultant and a writer with over 12 years of professional experience in the agriculture industry. - National Diploma in Agricultural Technology - Bachelor's Degree in Agricultural Science - Master's Degree in Science Education - PhD Student in Agricultural Economics and Environmental Policy... Visit My Websites On: 1. - Your Comprehensive Practical Agricultural Knowledge and Farmer’s Guide Website! 2. - For Effective Environmental Management through Proper Waste Management and Recycling Practices! Join Me On: Twitter: @benadinenonye - Instagram: benadinenonye - LinkedIn: benadinenonye - YouTube: Agric4Profits TV and WealthInWastes TV - Pinterest: BenadineNonye4u - Facebook: BenadineNonye

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