The urban ecosystem is affected by different types of environmental degradation due to quest for man’s development. Therefore, high rate of urbanization is a factor that is contributing to the deterioration of the urban environment.
In this article, you will learn about the meaning of environmental degradation affecting the cities.
Meaning of Urban Environmental Degradation
These are some of the processes or things that threaten man’s existence in urban areas. It can also be any situation or state of events which poses a threat to the surrounding urban environment.
Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air, water and soil; the destruction of ecosystems, habitat destruction, the extinction of wildlife, and pollution. Also, urban development can magnify the risk of environmental hazards.
The way and manner at which urban growth is taking place is causing great concern among planners, architects, environmental scientists and decision makers in urban areas.
The central issue is the sustainability of urban systems, both as suitable habitats for mankind and in terms of their ecological and environmental support systems.
Evidence to date indicates that, while some aspects of the environment have been enhanced and greatly improved, the general state of the environment and quality of life for many parts of the cities are deteriorating.
The rapid growth of the urban population and man’s activities has modified the urban landscape, which is posing risk to the environment. The construction activities, industrial and various ways of harnessing resources on the earth surface is modifying the urban environment.
Urban Environmental degradation are in various forms that include air pollution, water pollution, urban heat island, flooding, erosion, climate change and so on.
In conclusion, rapid rate of urbanization is the major driver that is accelerating environmental degradation in the city due to exploitation of the environment.